Saturday, 17 December 2016

Industry Comparison - Poultry

Introduction

Companies which operate in poultry business is feed birds such as chickens, duck, gooses and etc for their egg and meat. In Malaysia chickens is the main bird. The public companies which listed in the Bursa which operate in poultry business are in the consumer staples segment.

The main raw material for the poultry business is the food use to feed chicken such as grains, corns and etc. The two main raw material corns and wheats have drop dramatically since June 2016 the will reduce the operating cost of the company as the animal feed cost had reduce.

The revenue of for poultry business is selling the product, chicken meats and eggs to the consumer. Since the holiday season, Christmas and Chinese New Yew is around the corner, the demand for meat and egg increase hence the price might increase.

In Malaysia there are 13 companies listed in these segment the company are:

1)           CAB Cakaran Cooperation Berhad (CAB 7174)
2)           CCK Consolidated Holding Berhad (CCK 7035)
3)           D.B.E Gurney Resources Berhad (DBE 7179)
4)           Farm’s Best Berhad (FARMBES 9776)
5)           HB Global Limited (HBGLOB 5187)
6)           Huat Lai Resources Berhad (HUATLAI 7141)
7)           Lay Hong Berhad (LAYHONG 9385)
8)           LTKM Berhad (LTKM 7085)
9)           PPB Group Berhad (PPB 4065)
10)                      PWF Consolidated Berhad (PWF 7134)
11)                      Saudee Group Berhad (SAUDEE 5157)
12)                      Teo Seng Capital Berhad (Teo Seng 7252)
13)                      TPC Plus Berhad (TPC 7176)

A value investor shall avoid company that having problem in their financial statement. In Malaysia, Bursa name them in the PN 17 list, investor shall avoid PN 17 companies as much as possible unless they had done substantial risk assessment and willing to take the risk. From the 13 companies mentioned above 2 companies HBGLOB 5187 and TPC 7176 are in the PN 17 list hence the company are remove from these industry comparisons. Although TPC had just got away from the PN 17 list, it is still taken out from this comparison because the company still need some time to prove it is still valuable for investment.

Besides that PPB 4065 is removed from this study although it has the largest market shares in poultry business because the group is too diversified. This study mainly focuses on poultry business itself as there might be an opportunity coming from the sharp decrease in the raw material price.
Finally the other company that remove from this study is Saudee Group. This is because Saudee Group is mainly a trading company which does not have advantage on low corns and wheat price.

2015 Revenue from Poultry Business

The 9 companies had combined revenue of about RM 3,691,112,520.00 from poultry segment for the year 2015 base on their latest annual report. The 9 companies are arranging from the highest market share to lowest as show below:

1)   HUATLAI – 32.67 %
2)   CAB – 19.00%
3)   LAYHONG – 13.87 %
4)   FARMBES – 9.09 %
5)   PWF – 7.88 %
6)   TEOSENG – 7.16 %
7)   LTKM – 4.5 %
8)   DBE – 3.24 %
9)   CCK – 2.59 %

Some companies have diversified to other business segment such as retails, fish product, fertiliser and etc. Below show the percentage of the revenue earn from poultry segment from the total revenue.

1)   DBE – 100 %
2)   PWF – 100 %
3)   LTKM – 98.26 %
4)   FARMBES – 96.79 %
5)   HUATLAI – 85.37 %
6)   LAYHONG – 79.26 %
7)   CAB – 78.66 %
8)   TEOSENG – 64 %
9)   CCK – 19.37 %
Market Shares
Usually company with larger company had the advantages over small company. Below arrange the company based on 29 NOV 2016 market value of equity:
1)   HUATLAI – RM 386,994,080.00
2)   TEOSENG – RM 295,295,341.63
3)   CAB – RM 242, 185,520.29
4)   LTKM – RM 163,931,047.56
5)   CCK – RM 95,472,884.75
6)   PWF – RM 56,470,404.64
7)   LAYHONG – RM 48,762,875.00
8)   FARMBES – RM 43,369,116.73
9)   DBE – RM 31,479,335.60
.
Asset Comparison

a) Intangible Asset

Intangible asset or Goodwill is form when there is an acquisition. Intangible assets can remove from the financial report anytime if the management think the intangible asset is not worthy anymore. Therefore company with lower intangible assets is a better company. Below show the percentage of asset a company had as intangible asset in ascending order:

1)   DBE – 0 %
2)   LTKM – 0 %
3)   TEOSENG – 0 %
4)   CCK – 0.11 %
5)   LAYHONG – 0.47 %
6)   FARMBES – 0.57 %
7)   HUATLAI – 1.07 %
8)   PWF – 1.33 %
9)   CAB – 3.49 %
Average – 0.78 %

b) Trade and other receivable

Trade receivable is sales that had sold to the customer and will only collect the cash from the customer in the later stage. Trade receivable usually non-interest bearing. Some trade receivable might not be collected and will be impairs. A business want to collect money as soon as possible hence the lower than average trade receivable and higher than average revenue is preferable. Below show the percentage of asset a company had as trade and other receivable in ascending order:

1)   LTKM – 6.11 %
2)   PWF – 8.11 %
3)   CCK – 10.15 %
4)   HUATLAI – 10.32 %
5)   TEOSENG – 16.02 %
6)   LAYHONG – 16.36 %
7)   CAB – 18.76 %
8)   DBE – 25.09 %
9)   FARMBES – 45.10 %
Average – 17.34 %

c) Inventories

Inventories are products for sale to customer in this case it is eggs, chicken meat and etc. Company required to keeps certain amount of inventory to make sure it able to cater the customer supply, high amount of inventories means the product the company sell is going to be obsolete. However low amount of inventories means the company is unable to caught up with the demand and hence loss some sales. Below show the percentage inventories of the company in ascending order:

1)   DBE – 3.68 %
2)   FARMBES – 4.59 %
3)   HUALAI – 4.73 %
4)   TEOSENG – 5.42 %
5)   LTKM – 8.50 %
6)   CAB – 8.67 %
7)   LAYHONG – 12.44 %
8)   PWF – 14.52 %
9)   CCK – 17.23 %
Average – 8.86 %

d) Cash and Equivalent

Company required cash for daily operation and emergency. However too much debt is bad for company because it unable to invest to cash to expend the company. Value investors love cash rich company because cash is the liquid and can be use anytime when there is a great opportunities such as acquisition of competitor. Below show the percentage of cash in ascending order.

1)   DBE – 0.38 %
2)   PWF – 1.52 %
3)   FARMBES – 1.53 %
4)   CAB – 1.59 %
5)   LAYHONG – 4.27 %
6)   HUATLAI – 4.33 %
7)   TEOSENG – 8.26 %
8)   CCK – 8.36 %
9)   LTKM - 15.19 %
Average – 5.05 %

Liability Comparison

a) Non Current Borrowing

Non current borrowing sometime is good for a company provided that they can borrow and invest in investments that give back a greater return. Below shows the percentage of non current borrowing over the total liabilities:

1)   CCK – 1.93 %
2)   LTKM – 7.78 %
3)   LAYHONG – 10.70 %
4)   TEOSENG – 13.52 %
5)   PWF – 17.12 %
6)   FARMBES – 19.27 %
7)   CAB – 23.73 %
8)   DBE – 25.12 %
9)   HUATLAI – 27.81 %
Average – 16.33 %

b) Current Borrowing

Current borrowing is the borrowing that the company had to settle by this financial year. Company had to make sure there is enough cash to settle the borrowing or roll over. Below shows the percentage of current borrowing over the total liabilities:

1)   DBE – 10.71 %
2)   LTKM – 26.25
3)   CAB – 33 %
4)   HUATLAI – 35.66 %
5)   PWF – 40.68 %
6)   LAYHONG – 44.62 %
7)   CCK - 51.29 %
8)   TEOSENG – 52.87 %
9)   FARMBES – 54.13 %
Average – 38.85 %

c) Trade Payable

Trade payable usually is the money the company owe their suppliers and required to pay at the later stage. If a company can owe the money for a longer term it is an advantage to them because they can use the service or product from the suppliers and only pay back in much later stage. Usually trade payable is interest free in other word it can be act as interest free loan. Below shows the percentage of trade payable over the total liabilities:

1)   LTKM – 12.55 %
2)   FARMBES – 20.40 %
3)   LAYHONG – 22.40 %
4)   TEOSENG – 23.66 %
5)   CCK – 24.43 %
6)   HUATLAI – 30.86 %
7)   PWF – 31.07 %
8)   CAB – 37. 24 %
9)   DBE – 55.86 %
Average – 28.72 %

Cash Flow

a) Operating Cash Flow

Companies with positive cash flow mean that they are able to sustain by themselves without any borrowing or addition cash from investor. Below show the company operating cash flow in ascending order:

1)   DBE – (RM 10,417,518)
2)   FARMBES – (RM 2,505,000)
3)   LTKM – RM 3,836,243
4)   LAYHONG – RM 19,316,120
5)   CCK – RM 23,327,504
6)   PWF – RM 26,802,036
7)   CAB – RM 34,289,505
8)   TEOSENG – RM 36,757,980
9)   HUATLAI – RM 144,948,000

b) Investing Cash Flow

Companies with negative investing cashflow mean their company invest in asset to expand the business with positive cash flow usually show companies is selling asset or winding a subsidiaries. Below show the company investing cash flow in ascending order:

1)   CAB – (RM 79,557,155)
2)   TEOSENG – (RM 55,244,618)
3)   HUATLAI – (RM 29,964,000)
4)   PWF – (RM 19,891,481)
5)   CCK – (RM 18,812,409)
6)   LAYHONG – (RM 18,572,182)
7)   LTKM – (RM 12,041,490)
8)   DBE – RM 6,210,524
9)   FARMBES – RM 19,488,000

c) Financing Cash Flow

Positive financing cash flow mean the company had increase the cash either from borrowing or shareholder. Hence the financing cash flow is usually negative unless the company had a good opportunity that it need cash from external party to invest. Below show the company investing cash flow in ascending order:

1)   HUATLAI – (RM 96,768,000)
2)   FARMBES – (RM 11,737,000)
3)   PWF – (RM 4,735,048)
4)   CCK – (RM 727,580)
5)   DBE – RM 4,293,269
6)   LTKM – RM 12,366,083
7)   TEOSENG – RM 13,862,705
8)   LAYHONG – RM 35,104,098
9)   CAB – RM 61,136,413

Dividends

Every investment, the investor is looking for some sort of return. In stock market there are two main type of return capital gain and dividends. The poultry companies dividend record for the past 10 years is shows below:

1)   CAB – 0/10
2)   DBE – 0/10
3)   FARMBES – 0/10
4)   HUATLAI – 4/10
5)   LAYHONG – 6/10
6)   PWF – 7/10
7)   CCK – 10/10
8)   LTKM  - 10/10
9)   TEOSENG – 10/10

Conclusion

From the study above, HUATLAI (7141) is the best company to invest because:

·       It had the highest market share 32.67 % among the nine companies
·       It is the largest companies in term of market shares.
·       It operation cash flow is the highest which mean it able to operate without any additional borrowing. These also show in lowest financing cash flow among the nine company

However:

·       It does not pay dividend consistently for the past 10 years only 4 out of 10 years.
·       It has highest non current borrowing to total liability ratio.
·       It consists of intangible asset of RM 11,406,000 as 2015 annual report stated.
·       Lower cash and equivalent to total asset ratio (4.33 %) compared to average of 5.05 %.

Further study on HUATLAI (7141) will discuss later so stay tunes.